The knee joint is the joint between thigh and shin bone. The knee joint is held together by different sets of muscles, which are over the thighs and over lower leg right up to the foot. All these muscles help in bending and extending the knee joint while walking, standing and sitting. Hence for treating the knee pain both sides (above the knee and below the knee) needs to be considered.
In medical yoga centre, knee pain treatment starts from the periphery to centre so the treatment begins either from a foot or from the hip. In our yoga centre the first half of class starts from the stretches and posture of the lower extremities (below the knee joint) and the other half for the upper extremities (above the knee joint). The aim of the yoga therapy is to establish natural and balanced movements of agonist and antagonist muscles. Stretches mentioned above helps in maintaining proper alignment of bones i.e. thigh, tibia, fibula and patella and helps in maintaining natural space within the joint. With stretching, the muscles get a good supply of blood and nutrition.
Below have shown some basic postures taught in the class.
Double Knot Foot Stretch:
This helps to stretch the muscles over the calves and perennial group. It will help in correction of the foot by lifting the outer side of the foot and inward rotation of the lower leg, which is otherwise turned laterally. Sitting in dandasans helps the person to lift the dorsal body up, which helps in relieving the pressure of body over the lower extremity while walking.
Supta Padangusthasnan I with Naga Stretch:
This is wonderful posture giving stretch to the calves, hamstrings and lower back. As the name implies naga stretch helps in inward rotation of the lower leg and correction of the foot. It restores the natural behaviour of the Musclo –Skeletal System. When the leg is lifted up to 90 degrees it stretches the hamstrings, calf muscles with inward rotation of the leg, which should happen otherwise. The leg can be moved be taken medially and laterally under the instructor`s guidance. A person needs to draw their abdominal muscles in while stretching which helps in the anti version of the pelvis and conditioning the abdominal muscles.
The reader should learn these stretches only under expert guidance as the props used needs to be fixed exactly over the points for its effectiveness. Once the person is relieved from pain and he learns the yogic flow of the body and bearing of body weight in advance postures.
In Ramraksha stotra it is mentioned that knee is a bridge between thigh and ten toes.
“Januni sethukrthvathu jhmksh dashamukanthkh“(9th shloka).
जानुनी सेतुकृत्पातु जङ्घे दशमुखान्तक: ।
So it is said that the human has to take care of their legs especially knees because they help in locomotion. The person needs to be dedicated and patient as the yoga treatment involves prolonged period of practice because it not only helps in relieving knee pain but corrects overall body posture. Practice helps in understanding in a person’s nature which will be applicable in other times in the day too, Thus reversing the effect of knee pain on the body and mind.
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 101 for all medical emergencies. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.