Frozen Shoulder

frozshoul1 frozshoul2

Horizontal Arm Stretch 2


Oblique arm stretch 1

Shoulder joint is made up of two bones i.e. Humorous (arm bone) and Glenoid-fossa of Scapula (shoulder blade). Frozen shoulder is a condition where the capsule of the shoulder joint, which holds the joint fluid (synovial fluid) inside, becomes inflamed. This results into pain and reduced range of motion of the joint.

Frozen shoulder literally means a condition that prevents one from using full range of motion of shoulders.

Alternative Names

Adhesive capsulitis


Decreased motion of the shoulder, Pain and Stiffness

Frozen shoulder without any known cause starts with pain. This pain prevents from one moving the arm freely. The lack of movement at the shoulder joint leads to stiffness and decreased motion of the joint specially taking it behind, lack of muscle strength, loss of muscle mass and increased pain. Pain may or may not have any specific point.

Eventually one cannot perform activities such as reaching over the head, combing, raising hand to over head door locks and can’t take hands at the back.


The joint capsule of the shoulder joint has ligaments that hold the shoulder bones to each other. When the capsule becomes inflamed, the shoulder bones are unable to move freely in the joint. Most of the time there is no cause for this inflammation.

However, it may be caused by:

a) Cervical disc disease of the neck                b) Diabetes
c) Shoulder trauma                                         d) Shoulder Surgery
e) Open Heart Surgery                                    f) Hyperthyroidism


Medical Yogic Therapy - A Robust Cure

Increasing stiffness can affect cervical region may trigger or aggravate cervical spondylitis. Weakness in shoulder muscles, leads to partial atrophy of the muscles, superficial to the gleno humoural joint.

Medical Yoga Therapy addresses all these problems in this sequence:

Medical Yoga Therapy addresses all these problems in this sequence. It relieves stiffness from the cervical region and posterior shoulder gurdle. This results into the decompression of the nerves and blood vessels supplying blood to the shoulder joint and arm, which then results in pain relief of the surrounding structures.

Horizontal arm stretch in particular addresses the root cause of the problem by stretching and restoring the flexibility of the affected Gleno-Humoural joint capsule.  Horizontal arm stretch can be highly customized as per the location of the pain in the shoulder joint.

The sequence strengthens the surrounding muscles of the shoulder region. The asanas’sequence also helps to release the mental tension caused due to restricted physical activity and feeling of being handicapped.

Sequence of Asanas

A special sequence is designed that comprises of asanas like

  • Skandhabandha Asana,
  • Horizontal Arm Stretch 2,
  • Rope Jacket,
  • Oblique arm stretch 1
followed by Shavasana with cervical pillow/spinal roll is designed. Props are appropriately used to make the 'Saadhaka' comfortable and gain from the posture. The asanas are aimed at relieving the pain and strengthening the area to cure the ailment.

As patients suffer from pain and restricted motion, the asanas and therapies are done differently with use of props and belts to ease the poses and provide maximum benefit to the patients. These therapies should only be performed under an expert guidance to avoid any complications.